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The Centre on Social Movement Studies

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From militant protest to rioting: Dynamics of bystander mobilization during protests – Stefan Malthaner, Hamburg Institute for Social Research

A talk on the dynamics of violence in the context of street demonstrations – based on research on protests against the G20 summit in Hamburg in 2017

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This talk analyzes dynamics of violence in the context of street demonstrations – based on research on protests against the G20 summit in Hamburg in 2017. More specifically, it is about a phenomenon often referred to as “rioting”; that is, more diffuse patterns of clashes with the police, destruction, and looting in certain neighborhoods or areas, after or beyond organized protests. What characterizes these events, in particular, is a process of expansion or mobilization beyond participants in protests and street demonstrations; in other words, the fact that not only militant activists or protestors take part in the confrontations and looting, but a broad range of heterogeneous groups of people gradually come to participate, including bystanders, spectators, local residents, youths, as well as people coming into the area after the unrest has started, attracted by the “riot”.

Approaches focusing on dynamics of situational interaction can contribute to explaining these processes, but have serious limitations. Based on a detailed analysis of events in an area called “Schanzenviertel” in central-Western Hamburg on the night of July 7th, 2017, I identify several patterns of “micro-mobilization”. At a second level, I then examine the „intra-situational“, relational and spatial dynamics that shape the particular setting in which these patterns of interaction take place, and the ways in which what Jack Katz calls the “epiphany of invisibility” emerges (Katz 2015). Finally, I discuss „trans-situational“ dynamics that shape and constantly transform this setting, among other things via shifts and changes in the configuration of participants.

News

29/11/2018

Call for Papers - International Conference on Feminist Alliances

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The conference will focus on the role played by discourses, practices and politics in the construction and political consequences of feminist alliances with inequalities defined by class, race/ethnicity, citizenship, age, disability and sexuality.

20/11/2018

Call for Papers - International Conference The Contentious Politics of Solidarity

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The conference will focus on the contestation of acts of solidarity by counter-movements and the state, as well as on resistance to it by migrant and pro-migrant movements.

09/11/2018

Donatella della Porta on the Growing Criminalization of Protest

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The criminalization of protest is growing: there are many signals of this both in ‘hybrid’ regimes and in democratic countries. In this interview, Donatella della Porta discusses the dynamics and consequences of such trend.

Publications

Journal Article - 2018

Movement parties of the far right: The organization and strategies of nativist collective actors

Andrea Pirro, Pietro Castelli Gattinara
Despite theoretical commonalities, very little empirical research has focused on far-right “movement parties” as collective actors operating both in the protest and the electoral arenas. The article redresses this inconsistency by exploring the organizational and strategic configuration of two far-right collective actors—the Hungarian Jobbik and the Italian CasaPound.

Monograph - 2018

Political Strategies and Social Movements in Latin America. The Zapatistas and Bolivian Cocaleros

Leonidas Oikonomakis
This book investigates how social movements form their political strategies in their quest for social change and -when they shift from one strategy to another- why and how that happens.