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The Centre on Social Movement Studies

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Anti-Neoliberal Populisms in Comparative Perspective: A Framework for Analysis – Enrico Padoan, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Drawing on secondary literature and on an extensive fieldwork conducted in four countries, Enrico Padoan proposes a middle-range theory in order to explain the eventual emergence of different anti-neoliberal populist parties in the aftermath of a neoliberal economic crisis.

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Latin American “Turn to the Left” consisted in either the consolidation of traditional left-of-centre parties, with strong organisational linkages to the union movement, or the emergence of new anti-neoliberal populist projects that decisively shaped the respective national party systems. Some Southern European countries similarly experienced the rise of new populist parties (Podemos, Syriza and the Five Star Movement) while in Portugal we witnessed the consolidation of the existing left-of-centre parties. This talk, drawing on secondary literature and on an extensive fieldwork conducted in four countries, proposes a middle-range theory in order to explain the eventual emergence of different anti-neoliberal populist parties in the aftermath of a neoliberal economic crisis. The argument also accounts for the heterogeneity of such an ‘Anti-Neoliberal Populism’ category, by looking at the party organization, the relationship with the unions and with the anti-austerity social movements, and the sociological characteristics of the electorates. I thus identify four different categories of “successful political projects” emerged after the critical juncture represented by the crisis: a “Labour-based Left” (in Uruguay and Portugal); a “party-rooted populism” (in Argentina and Greece); a “movement (based) populism” (in Bolivia and Spain); and a “leader-initiated populism” (in Venezuela and Italy).

News

29/11/2018

Call for Papers - International Conference on Feminist Alliances

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The conference will focus on the role played by discourses, practices and politics in the construction and political consequences of feminist alliances with inequalities defined by class, race/ethnicity, citizenship, age, disability and sexuality.

20/11/2018

Call for Papers - International Conference The Contentious Politics of Solidarity

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The conference will focus on the contestation of acts of solidarity by counter-movements and the state, as well as on resistance to it by migrant and pro-migrant movements.

09/11/2018

Donatella della Porta on the Growing Criminalization of Protest

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The criminalization of protest is growing: there are many signals of this both in ‘hybrid’ regimes and in democratic countries. In this interview, Donatella della Porta discusses the dynamics and consequences of such trend.

Publications

Journal Article - 2018

Movement parties of the far right: The organization and strategies of nativist collective actors

Andrea Pirro, Pietro Castelli Gattinara
Despite theoretical commonalities, very little empirical research has focused on far-right “movement parties” as collective actors operating both in the protest and the electoral arenas. The article redresses this inconsistency by exploring the organizational and strategic configuration of two far-right collective actors—the Hungarian Jobbik and the Italian CasaPound.

Monograph - 2018

Political Strategies and Social Movements in Latin America. The Zapatistas and Bolivian Cocaleros

Leonidas Oikonomakis
This book investigates how social movements form their political strategies in their quest for social change and -when they shift from one strategy to another- why and how that happens.