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The Centre on Social Movement Studies

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Anti-Neoliberal Populisms in Comparative Perspective: A Framework for Analysis – Enrico Padoan, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

5pm – Aula Simone del Pollaiolo, Scuola Normale Superiore, Palazzo Strozzi, Firenze

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Latin American “Turn to the Left” consisted in either the consolidation of traditional left-of-centre parties, with strong organisational linkages to the union movement, or the emergence of new anti-neoliberal populist projects that decisively shaped the respective national party systems. Some Southern European countries similarly experienced the rise of new populist parties (Podemos, Syriza and the Five Star Movement) while in Portugal we witnessed the consolidation of the existing left-of-centre parties. This talk, drawing on secondary literature and on an extensive fieldwork conducted in four countries, proposes a middle-range theory in order to explain the eventual emergence of different anti-neoliberal populist parties in the aftermath of a neoliberal economic crisis. The argument also accounts for the heterogeneity of such an ‘Anti-Neoliberal Populism’ category, by looking at the party organization, the relationship with the unions and with the anti-austerity social movements, and the sociological characteristics of the electorates. I thus identify four different categories of “successful political projects” emerged after the critical juncture represented by the crisis: a “Labour-based Left” (in Uruguay and Portugal); a “party-rooted populism” (in Argentina and Greece); a “movement (based) populism” (in Bolivia and Spain); and a “leader-initiated populism” (in Venezuela and Italy).

News

22/07/2019

Protest for a future: international report on #FridaysForFuture and the climate strike

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Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March 2019, in 13 European cities. A multi-country collaboration report, with contributions from COSMOS researchers Lorenzo Zamponi, Donatella della Porta, Martín Portos, Niccolò Bertuzzi and Daniela Chironi.

21/06/2019

Call for papers: "The Nation and the Radical Left - Practices and Discourses of National Identity in Left-Wing Politics"

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The call for papers is now open for a conference on national identities and left-wing politics.

18/06/2019

Call for papers: “Class without consciousness” – The Politics of Fragmented Class Identities

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The call for papers is now open for a two-day conference on class and identities at the Scuola Normale Superiore on 14-15 November 2019

Publications

Journal Article - 2019

Ballots and barricades enhanced: far‐right ‘movement parties’ and movement‐electoral interactions

Andrea Pirro
This contribution enhances our understanding of the contemporary far right by focusing on the neglected links between movements and elections within the broader context of contention.

Journal Article - 2019

From the Rainy Place to the Burnt Palace: How Social Movements Form their Political Strategies. The Case of the Six Federations of the Tropic of Cochabamba

Leonidas Oikonomakis
Exploring the case of the cocaleros of the Chapare, this article argues that more emphasis should be placed on mechanisms that are internal to the movements, such as: (a) the resonance of other political experiences at home and abroad, (b) internal struggles for ideological hegemony, and (c) the political formation of their grassroots.