On the 12th and 13th June 2011, about 26 million citizens blocked in Italy a major attempt to privatise the water and sewage networks of the country, approving two referendums that cancelled the main legal tools that were facilitating the access of private actors to the water services. In the years that followed the referendum victory, however, the FIMA started to experience serious internal tensions: conflicting strategies of action emerged, and the Forum reduced its ability to give life to long-lasting, participated campaigns. At the same time, part of the FIMA contrasted the internal attempts to consolidate the organisational structure that emerged from the vote, while new proposed shifts of the action to the European level or to other issues failed to bring the level of participation at the intensity that characterised the previous FIMA campaigns.Cernison, Matteo (2016). Scales and forms of action in the partial demobilisation of the Italian Forum of Water Movements. Cosmos Working Paper Series. Cosmos: Florence.
Journal Article - 2018
Monograph - 2018